U.S. government sets infection control goals

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Urinary infections caused by improper use and placement of catheters are the top cause of infections among hospital patients, but simple measures can prevent them, the U.S. government said on Tuesday.

The Health and Human Services Department released a plan to reduce hospital infections, which kill an estimated 99,000 people a year, affect 1.7 million patients and cost nearly $20 billion.

Besides catheter-linked urinary infections, the most common causes of infections linked with hospitals are surgical site infections, bloodstream infections from intravenous lines and pneumonia from ventilators, HHS said in the report.

“Infections associated with Clostridium difficile and MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) also contribute significantly to the overall problem,” the report reads.

It recommended several specific steps hospitals should take to tackle the problem:

– Use catheters only when appropriate and only as long as needed. The report said that some nursing homes improperly use catheters to manage incontinent patients.

– Ensure that only trained people insert or maintain catheters.

– Use sterile techniques including a cap, mask, sterile gown, sterile gloves, and a large sterile drape, for the insertion of central venous catheters.

– Do not remove hair before surgery unless it will directly interfere with the operation.

– Adequately control blood sugar in diabetic patients.

– Use ventilation only as needed and non-invasively when possible.

– Keep operating room doors closed during surgery except as needed for passage of equipment, personnel, and the patient.

– Use steam sterilization by autoclave or wet heat pasteurization to sterilize equipment that touches mucous membranes of the lower respiratory tract.

Also on Tuesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that failures to follow infection control practices had put more than 60,000 patients at risk for hepatitis B and C over the past 10 years.

Most commonly, health care workers re-used syringes or let blood contaminate drugs, equipment and devices, CDC experts reported in the Annals of Internal medicine.

“Thousands of patients are needlessly exposed to viral hepatitis and other preventable diseases in the very places where they should feel protected,” Dr. John Ward, director of CDC’s Division of Viral Hepatitis, said in a statement.  Continued…

Source

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Related Posts:


By Anne Harding NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that health care workers are more likely to die from bloodborne infections and related illnesses than people working in other occupations. “There is evidence that over the past 20 to 25 years health care workers have been

Full Post: Working in health care can be risky, study hints
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

LONDON (Reuters) - Britain faces a “horrific” problem with hospital superbugs, entrepreneur Richard Branson said on Tuesday, accusing politicians and hospital bosses of tinkering with the problem but not doing enough to solve it. The Virgin Group chairman, speaking in his role as vice-president of the Patients Association, said one in 10 people who go into

Full Post: Branson slams Britain’s “horrific” MRSA problem
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

By Will Boggs, MD NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Protection against hepatitis B appears to drop off in adolescents who got the hepatitis B vaccine beginning at birth, according to a new report. Dr. Stephanie R. Bialek from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, and colleagues evaluated the occurrence of breakthrough infections and

Full Post: Hepatitis B vaccine protection may wane in teens
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - An elderly person who has fractured their femur - the large thigh bone that connects the leg to the hip - may want to have surgery sooner rather than later, according to a study linking longer times to surgery to a somewhat increased risk of post-surgery complications. Dr. Rudiger Smektala from

Full Post: Delayed surgery may affect fracture recovery
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

LONDON (Reuters) - A dangerous, drug-resistant bacterium normally found in soil and water is on the increase in hospitals worldwide, an infectious disease expert warned on Tuesday. Acinetobacter baumannii is more resistant than the MRSA superbug and accounts for about 30 percent of drug-resistant hospital infections, said Matthew Falagas, director of the Alfa Institute of Biomedical

Full Post: Dangerous bacteria on increase: expert

Site Navigation

Most Read

Search