Basal Cell Carcinoma In Men

Basal cell carcinoma is a skin cancer that grows in areas which receives a lot of sun rays. It is the least risky type of skin cancer as compared to the other types. If it is detected early, it can be cured. This skin cancer doesn’t reach to other parts of the body, but may move across the nearby bones and tissues present under the skin. Many treatments are available for eliminating it.

Tumours are seen first on the face as small bumps, but they can even occur on other parts of the body like the legs, arms, trunk etc. People with fair skin have higher chances of developing this type of cancer. Their growth rate is really slow and symptoms might not show for quite some years after being exposed to the sun for long.

Causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Ultraviolet rays coming from the sun or from the tanning beds are one of the most important causes of basal cell carcinoma. When the Ultraviolet rays coming from the source hit the human skin, over a period of time, they tend to cause some damage to the DNA of the skin cells. This DNA is the main code for the growth of the cells. Over time, this harm to the DNA might cause cancer to form. However, this is a slow process and might take a lot of time to happen. Men are at a higher chance of suffering from this as more men tend to do outdoor work then women. Also their skin care routine is poor.

Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma

In case of Basal cell carcinoma, the skin might grow in a dome shape with attached blood vessels to it. And these vessels might be brown, pink or black. Initially, basal cell carcinoma crops up like a tiny pearly bump which looks something like a skin coloured mole. Often these growths take a very dark colour. One might also see scaly patchy skin of red or shiny pink colour. Another symptom of Basal cell carcinoma is the hard, waxy growth of the skin. Basal cell carcinomas tend to bleed easily.

Diagnosis of Basal Cell Carcinoma

For diagnosis, the doctor will do a physical examination to identify the growths on the skin and ask questions related to the exposure to the sunlight. The doctor might also do a biopsy where a small portion of the skin is cut and it is sent to the lab to identify the presence of the cancer cells.

Treatment of Basal Cell Carcinoma

The goal of the treatment for this disease is to rid the body of cancerous cells, while having as much smaller scar as possible. The treatment is decided by the doctor based on the place, size and the stage of the cancer. Some of the treatments the doctor might suggest include:

  1. Excision: In this the doctor numbs the area around the skin and scrapes out the affected patch.
  2. Cauterization- In cauterization, the affected patch on the skin is burned using an electric current to kill the cancer cells in the affected portion.
  3. Cryotherapy- Basal Cell Carcinoma can be treated by spraying the affected portion of the skin with a cryosurgery solution, like liquid nitrogen which freezes the cancer cells and kills them. And after this procedure within a few days, the skin growth will simply scab over and fall off.
  4. Radiation therapy-In this treatment, high intense rays are used to destroy the cancer cells. This technique is done over several weeks.
  5. Creams and Pills- Basal cell carcinoma can also be treated with the use of certain chemical peels like 5- fluorouracil or imiquimod which kills the affected portion of the skin and causes the skin growth to scab over and fall off. The doctor might also prescribe a pill with the name Eivedgewhich the doctor might recommend if the cancer has spread to different parts of the body.
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